NEW YORK - The prospect of rising interest rates sent the stock market to its first weekly loss since early August.
The Standard & Poor's 500 index fell 11.91 points, or 0.6 percent, to end at 1,985.54 on Friday. The index was down 1.1 percent for the week.
Declines were led by utility companies and other stocks that pay high dividends. Those stocks have been in favor this year as investors hunt for other sources of income because bond yields have been so low.
Now that the yield on the ultra-safe 10-year Treasury note has shot to 2.61 percent -- its highest level in two months -- investors are less willing to hold riskier stocks, even those paying a rich dividend. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note has risen from 2.34 percent at the start of the month.
The recent rise in bond yields was bolstered Friday by a report showing that U.S. retail sales climbed faster last month than economists forecast. That reinforced expectations that the Federal Reserve may start hiking interest rates sooner than expected. The central bank has nearly finished winding down its bond-buying program, and policymakers start a two-day rate-setting meeting on Tuesday.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury note has now increased for seven straight days.
"As the economic data continues to move along this positive trajectory, interest rates are going to rise," said Quincy Krosby, a market strategist at Prudential Financial. "The market is going to have to accept that."
Other stock indexes fell Friday. The Dow Jones industrial average lost 61.49 points, or 0.4 percent, to close at 16,987.51 The Nasdaq composite dropped 24.21 points, or 0.5 percent, finishing at 4,567.60.
Higher interest rates mean companies and consumers have to pay more to borrow, leaving them with lower profits and less money to spend.
Yet investors shouldn't jump the gun on concerns that rising rates will end the stock market's five-year bull run, said Randy Frederick, a trading strategist at Charles Schwab. As long as the economy is improving, stocks can continue to move higher.
"Generally, the market goes through a correction, and then the bull market continues," said Frederick.
On Friday, high dividend payers, like utilities and telecoms stocks, sold off. Real estate investment trusts also slumped.
Utility stocks fell 1.8 percent, the biggest drop of the 10 sectors that make up the S&P 500. Energy stocks dropped 1.5 percent, and phone company stocks slumped 1.2 percent.
The price of oil fell on concerns that global demand is falling while supplies remain ample. Benchmark U.S. crude fell 52 cents to close at $92.27 a barrel in New York. Brent crude, a benchmark for international oil used by many U.S. refineries, fell 12 cents to close at $97.96 in London. It was Brent's first close below $98 since April 2013.
Wholesale gasoline fell 0.5 cent to close at $2.519 a gallon, heating oil fell 1.5 cents to close at $2.741 a gallon and natural gas rose 3.4 cents to close at $3.857 per 1,000 cubic feet.
In metals trading, gold fell $7.50 to $1,231 an ounce. Silver rose 1 cent to $18.61 an ounce, and copper climbed 1.4 cents to $3.10 a pound.
In currency trading, the dollar remained firm. The euro was 0.2 percent higher at $1.2950 while the dollar rose 0.3 percent to 107.36 against the Japanese yen.
Among stocks making big moves:
- Conversant (CNVR), a provider of online advertising services, climbed $8.09, or 30 percent, to $34.80. The rise came after Alliance Data (ADS) said late Thursday it was buying Conversant for about $2.3 billion.
- Health Care REIT (HCN), an investment trust that invests in senior housing and health care real estate, was the biggest decliner in the S&P 500. The company said it was selling an additional $1.1 billion of stock to repay debt and fund investments. Its shares dropped $3.24, or 5 percent, to $63.25.