Still, the latest jobs report card is mildly encouraging, and offers some guidance for job hunters. Gallup's survey asks individuals whether their employer is hiring or firing. In February, 30 percent of respondents said the boss was adding new jobs, and 18 percent reported more firing. That net +12 reading isn't anywhere near enough to make a sizable dent in the 9 percent unemployment rate - but it sure is better than the -1 reading from last January and the -5 in March 2009.
Dig a layer below the national data and you get a far more nuanced picture of where the opportunities are.
States with the Best Job Growth
For all of 2010, the states with the best net reading of job hiring minus job firing reports were:
- North Dakota (+ 29)
- D.C. (+25)
- South Dakota (+21)
- Alaska (+19)
- Arkansas (+17)
But don't expect the District of Columbia to stay at the top of the list. According to the Bureau of Labor statistics, about one-third of the 22,000 increase in D.C employment last year was government jobs. With federal payrolls clearly on the legislative chopping block, D.C. could have a hard time holding onto its top spot.
States with the Worst Job Growth
- Nevada (-6)
- New Jersey (-2)
- California (0)
- Oregon (+2)
- Connecticut (+2)
New Jersey was the only other state that failed to register a positive job-growth reading. Gallup attributes the poor showing to the state's dependence on financial-sector jobs - yet according to the BLS New Jersey's financial-related employment grew from 249,000 to 253,000 in 2010. The real culprit for New Jersey's weak job market will come as no surprise to anyone who has been following Gov. Chris Christie (though his frequent national media coverage makes him hard to miss): It's all about government jobs. According to the BLS, New Jersey's government payrolls dropped by 29,000 to 622,000 jobs at year-end 2010.}
Those lists of best and worst are informative, but let's borrow from the investing adage that you want to invest in tomorrow's winner, not today's hot pick. Here is Gallup's list of the states that saw the biggest improvement in full-year 2010 job growth compared with the previous year:
- Michigan (+20)
- D.C. (+18)
- North Dakota (+15)
- Ohio (+14)
- Delaware (+14)