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Nearly 100 California companies have no women on their board of directors

Calif. to require women on corporate boards

California's new requirement that public companies' boardrooms include at least one woman may seem like a baby step. However, it's going to hit a staggering amount of companies.

One-quarter of the nearly 400 California-headquartered companies in the Russell 3000 stock index have no female directors, according to research cited by the legislation. That's 94 California companies, as of Sept. 30, that had no women on their board and will need to add at least one, according to research from Equilar.

Some will need to add more than one. The law, SB 826, requires at least one woman on boards that have four members or less, two women on boards of five people and three women on boards of six or more. The companies have three years to find these directors before the 2021 deadline hits, however.

Here are three of the largest:

Skechers USA

The third-largest footwear maker in the U.S. has nine men on its board, of which three are company employees (including CEO Robert Greenberg.) Under CB826, Skechers would need to name at least three women to its board by 2021, the minimum requirement for boards of six or more members.

The Manhattan Beach, California-based company employed 11,800 people as of January, and had 4.1 billion in sales last year.

WageWorks

The San Mateo-based company, with a seven-man board, specializes in administering certain kinds of pretax benefits for large corporations, like flexible health savings accounts or transit passes. It currently counts more than 100,000 corporate clients, including nearly two-thirds of the Fortune 500, according to its website.

PCM

While it's not a household name, this business-to-business technology company had $2.3 billion in sales last year and employs 4,100 people. It counts four men on its board (with the company's CEO acting as the chair) and last named a new board member in 2006.

Here's the full list of California companies with no female directors as of Sunday:

  • 8x8, Inc. (EGHT)
  • A10 Networks, Inc. (ATEN)
  • Acacia Research Corporation (ACTG)
  • Adesto Technologies Corporation (IOTS)
  • Adverum Biotechnologies, Inc. (ADVM)
  • Aerohive Networks, Inc. (HIVE)
  • Ambarella, Inc. (AMBA)
  • American Assets Trust, Inc. (AAT)
  • AnaptysBio, Inc. (ANAB)
  • Anworth Mortgage Asset Corporation (ANH)
  • Apollo Medical Holdings (AMEH)
  • Aquantia Corp. (AQ)
  • Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (ARWR)
  • Avid Bioservices, Inc. (CDMO)
  • AXT, Inc. (AXTI)
  • B. Riley Financial, Inc. (RILY)
  • BayCom Corp. (BCML)
  • BofI Holding, Inc. (BOFI)
  • Cadiz Inc. (CDZI)
  • CareTrust REIT, Inc. (CTRE)
  • Cellular Biomedicine Group, Inc. (CBMG)
  • ChemoCentryx, Inc. (CCXI)
  • Clean Energy Fuels Corp. (CLNE)
  • CohBar Inc. (CWBR)
  • Cohu, Inc. (COHU)
  • Corvus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (CRVS)
  • Cryoport, Inc. (CYRX)
  • Daily Journal Corporation (DJCO)
  • DASAN Zhone Solutions, Inc. (DZSI)
  • Ducommun Incorporated (DCO)
  • DURECT Corporation (DRRX)
  • Electronics for Imaging, Inc. (EFII)
  • Energy Recovery, Inc. (ERII)
  • Enphase Energy, Inc. (ENPH)
  • Fate Therapeutics, Inc. (FATE)
  • FibroGen, Inc. (FGEN)
  • Fluidigm Corporation (FLDM)
  • Foundation Building Materials, Inc. (FBM)
  • Guidewire Software, Inc. (GWRE)
  • Heron Therapeutics, Inc. (HRTX)
  • Hortonworks, Inc. (HDP)
  • Ichor Holdings, Ltd. (ICHR)
  • Impac Mortgage Holdings, Inc. (IMH)
  • Imperva, Inc. (IMPV)
  • Infinera Corporation (INFN)
  • Innovative Industrial Properties, Inc. (IIPR)
  • Kindred Biosciences, Inc. (KIN)
  • Kura Oncology, Inc. (KURA)
  • LiveXLive Media, Inc. (LIVX)
  • MannKind Corporation (MNKD)
  • Masimo Corporation (MASI)
  • MaxLinear, Inc. (MXL)
  • Maxwell Technologies, Inc. (MXWL)
  • MediciNova, Inc. (MNOV)
  • Mirati Therapeutics, Inc. (MRTX)
  • Monolithic Power Systems, Inc. (MPWR)
  • NantHealth, Inc. (NH)
  • NantKwest, Inc. (NK)
  • Natural Health Trends Corp. (NHTC)
  • Nektar Therapeutics (NKTR)
  • NeoPhotonics Corporation (NPTN)
  • Odonate Therapeutics, Inc. (ODT)
  • OSI Systems, Inc. (OSIS)
  • Pacific Mercantile Bancorp (PMBC)
  • PDF Solutions, Inc. (PDFS)
  • Pfenex Inc. (PFNX)
  • Puma Biotechnology, Inc. (PBYI)
  • RadNet, Inc. (RDNT)
  • Retrophin, Inc. (RTRX)
  • Rigel Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (RIGL)
  • Sabra Health Care REIT, Inc. (SBRA)
  • ShotSpotter, Inc. (SSTI)
  • Sientra, Inc. (SIEN)
  • Sigma Designs, Inc. (SIGM)
  • Simulations Plus, Inc. (SLP)
  • Skechers U.S.A., Inc. (SKX)
  • SMART Global Holdings, Inc. (SGH)
  • Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc. (SRNE)
  • Stamps.com Inc. (STMP)
  • Synaptics Incorporated (SYNA)
  • Tandem Diabetes Care, Inc. (TNDM)
  • Tejon Ranch Co. (TRC)
  • The Ensign Group, Inc. (ENSG)
  • The Habit Restaurants, Inc. (HABT)
  • TiVo Corporation (TIVO)
  • Turtle Beach Corporation (HEAR)
  • Universal Electronics Inc. (UEIC)
  • Veeva Systems Inc. (VEEV)
  • Veritone, Inc. (VERI)
  • Viking Therapeutics, Inc. (VKTX)
  • WageWorks, Inc. (WAGE)
  • Willis Lease Finance Corporation (WLFC)
  • Xencor, Inc. (XNCR)
  • XOMA Corporation (XOMA)

The Russell 3000 understates the total number of public companies affected, writes Annalisa Barrett, founder and CEO of Board Governance Research. That's because the Russell 3000 includes only the 3,000 largest public companies in the U.S. and excludes so-called microcap companies -- companies worth less than $300 million -- that do not have any women on their boards, Barrett found in recent research.

Large companies are more likely to have female representation on their boards. However, the numbers on most company boards are nowhere near parity. Among boards of Fortune 500 companies, the most common number of female directors is two, according to research from ISS Analytics, the data intelligence arm of Institutional Shareholder Services. As many companies have six women on their boards as have none.

TripAdvisor, Nektar Therapautics and Copart, a company that runs online car sales, have no women on their boards, according to ISS. On the other end of the spectrum, eight of Estée Lauder's 17 board members are women. Ulta Beauty and Omnicom have six female board members, as does CBS Corp., following a recent reorganization

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California's law would have some very large companies shifting their boards' gender makeup over the next few years. Facebook, with a board of nine but only two women (one of whom is Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg) will need to add one. So will Apple, which has two women out of eight directors.