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24 Hours Not Enough? See the Light

Get ready for the 25-hour day. A new study, funded by NASA,
shows that it's possible to cram an extra hour into the day.

The researchers included Charles Czeisler, MD, PhD, director of the sleep
medicine division at Harvard Medical School and chief of the sleep medicine
division at Boston's Brigham and Women's Hospital.

They studied 12 healthy young adults (average age: 28) who volunteered to
spend 65 days living in individual rooms without windows, clocks, or any other
time cues.

Before the experiment began, the volunteers got eight hours of nightly sleep
at home for at least three weeks.

When they reported to the lab, they spent three days on a normal 24-hour
day. Then the researchers tweaked the hours of light and darkness to pinpoint
the participants' natural circadian rhythm, commonly called the "body

Next, the scientists tacked on an extra hour of light to each participants'
natural amount of daily wakefulness.

The researchers didn't just leave the lights on for an extra hour. At the
end of each "day," the scientists cranked up the light in the overhead
fluorescent lights, delivering two pulses of extremely bright light.

The bright light pulses were nearly 10 times brighter than normal room
light, according to the study.

After the pulses of bright light, participants didn't go to sleep right
away. They stayed up an extra hour, effectively getting 25 hours per day.

Participants stayed on the 25-hour-day cycle for a month. They adjusted to
the schedule, judging by their core body temperature and levels of melatonin, a
hormone involved in circadian rhythms.

Before leaving the lab, participants spent three days on a normal 24-hour

The findings may come in handy if astronauts go to Mars. A Martian day lasts
for 24.65 earthly hours, note the researchers. They argue that without
resetting the body clock to a 25-hour day, astronauts on Mars would be
constantly jetlagged, which could be dangerous.

Of course, Mars-bound astronauts aren't the only people with circadian
rhythm issues. Shift workers and people with sleep disorders may also have body
clock problems. B

The researchers write that "theB implications of these findings are
important, because they could be used to treat circadian misalignment
associated with space flight, shift work, and circadian rhythm sleep

The study appears online in the early edition of Proceedings of the
National Academy of Sciences

By Miranda Hitti
Reviewed by Louise Chang
B)2005-2006 WebMD, Inc. All rights reserved

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