Suicide In Japan
A police officer removes a package from the Conservative Party headquarters in Ottawa, Ontario, on Tuesday, May 29, 2012. A severed human foot was mailed to the headquarters of Canada's Conservative party and another body part was discovered when police intercepted a second suspicious package, police said Tuesday. (AP Photo/The Canadian Press, Sean Kilpatrick) / Sean Kilpatrick
Japan's mental health experts were shocked when a cabinet minister hanged himself hours before facing a bribery probe. The shock was over praise from Tokyo's governor, calling the dead man a real samurai.
A little history here; Samurai warriors would often kill themselves to avoid shame. Japan's suicide mindset came to America's attention with the World War II kamikaze - young men who deliberately flew bomb-laden planes into Allied ships.
Japanese people have an interesting mentality, explains Yoshinori Cho, director of the psychiatry department at a leading Tokyo hospital. He told us the Japanese glorify suicide. Yet when it's a family member they try and hide it, asking themselves if they could have prevented it.
Religion, says the doctor, also plays a part. Buddhism doesn't encourage suicide, but it also does not specifically prohibit it. Doctor Cho told us that Japan has never made suicide illegal either.
In 1997, a chief executive sobbed out his apology when his leading securities firm went bankrupt. As economic times and layoffs worsened, suicides shot up.
One famous incident, three men who partied and then killed themselves at this hotel so their failing company would collect the insurance money and keep its doors open.
By 1998, suicides topped 30-thousand a year, a 45-percent one year increase. That is still the number of Japanese taking their own lives today. Meanwhile, Japan's suicide hot lines are running out of money, forcing staff cuts. But that may change; Japan's government has just approved funding for suicide prevention.
There is another positive change; While men in their 50s are embarrassed about needing therapy, Japan's younger generation is more open to seeking help. Also, there is finally official recognition that mental illness can lead to suicide.
Dr. Cho says the Government is trying hard to educate companies about depression and stress. They're sending doctors out into the field to explain to employers that people do, in fact, suffer from mental problems.
For the for the first time ever, Japan is looking at suicide as something perhaps caused by mental illness. Suicide is finally being viewed, not an act of glory, but the last act of despair.
By Barry Petersen
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