Audrea Gause, 26, of Troy, New York, was arrested in Troy Friday afternoon on a Massachusetts fugitive warrant.
She's charged with larceny over $250. According to Attorney General Martha Coakley, the One Fund received a "detailed and notarized claim" from Gause on June 3.
She said the blast left her with long-term memory loss, impaired speech, and a loss of some motor function that would require future surgery.
The claim, according to Coakley, "included several pages of purported medical records, indicating that she had been hospitalized at the Boston Medical Center for two days, and thereafter at the Albany Medical Center for ten days."
"Based on the information contained in the claim and the attached purported medical records, Gause's claim was approved for payment," Coakley said in a statement, adding that Gause was then sent the money at the end of June.
"After receiving information in the last week that Gause may not have been in Boston during the Marathon Bombing in April, the AG's office commenced an immediate investigation," Coakley said in a statement.
Investigators discovered that Gause was not a patient at BMC on the day of the bombing as she claimed and that the Albany Medical Center visits were also false.
This is the second arrest in connection with attempted fraud of The One Fund. A Boston man was arrested earlier this month and charged with filing a false $2 million claim.