NEW YORK (MarketWatch) -- U.S. stocks shook off earlier gains late Wednesday, lapsing into negative territory as investors considered moves by the Federal Reserve and four other central banks to ease the global credit crunch.
"It's the realization that tools only work if financial institutions avail themselves of the liquidity and then re-lend it," said Art Hogan, chief market strategist at Jefferies & Co.
Up 271 points early on, the Dow Jones Industrial Average was more recently down 65.4 points to 13,367.3, with 19 of its 30 components trading lower. Citigroup Inc. dropped furthest, its stock down 6.9%.
"News that global central banks are pledging liquidity was a positive for the market early in the trading day, but, upon further reflection, some might be pondering if it's really a solution, or further evidence of just how deeply embedded the problems in the financial system have become," said Frederic Ruffy, analyst at Optionetics.
Fronting the blue-chip's remaining advancing stocks, AT&T shares , up 4.8%, headed higher for a second day after the telecommunications giant painted a rosier picture of future growth in a meeting with analysts.
Boeing Co. , down 2.5%, was among blue-chip decliners after its downgrade to equal-weight from overweight at Morgan Stanley.
And, financial shares declined after Bank of America Corp. warned of larger fourth-quarter losses than previously projected, and was also among the institutions to draw a downgrade by Merrill Lynch, with the broker also cutting its ratings on J.P. Morgan Chase Co. and Wachovia Corp. . .
The S&P 500 fell 2.91 points to 1,474.74 while the Nasdaq Composite declined 2.95 points to 2,649.4.
On the New York Stock Exchange, 961 million shares were exchanged, while 1.3 billion shares traded on the Nasdaq. Advancing stocks outran those declining on both exchanges, by nearly 2 to 1 on the NYSE and almost 3 to 1 on the Nasdaq.
The Fed unveiled a plan Wednesday to add $40 billion in liquidity to the markets, with help from the European Central Bank, the Bank of England, the Bank of Canada and the Swiss National Bank.
"This is a very bullish development for the markets," said Alan Skrainka, chief market strategist at Edward Jones. "The main problem in credit markets has not been that rates are too high, but that financial institutions have been unwilling to lend. This added liquidity should relieve some of that pressure."
Not all market observers, however, saw the move in such a positive light.
"While it could provide additional liquidity to banks, it is not expected to lead to an overall increase in liquidity in the financial system," said Drew Matus, an economist at Lehman Brothers.
Early economic data had the Commerce Department reporting the U.S. trade deficit climbed to three-month highs. .
In a separate report, the Labor Department tallied a 2.7% November rise in import prices.
Asian stocks were mostly lower, with Japan and Hong Kong hurt by Tuesday's steep sell-off of U.S. stocks, which were slammed after the Fed delivered quarter-point cuts to both the Fed funds and discount window rates, less than many market participants had expected. .
Europe stocks shook off early losses after the coordinated central bank action.
By Kate Gibson