Two other top Iraqi officials narrowly escaped death in what appears to be a campaign to target key figures in the new Iraqi administration as it prepares to take power June 30. Al-Jazeera television reported that a professor of geography at Baghdad University was shot and killed Sunday as he walked along a street near the campus.
U.S. commanders say their adversary is getting increasingly sophisticated — monitoring mobile phones and e-mail, and patiently studying their victims, reports CBS News Correspondent Kimberly Dozier. One officer said, if you are in their sights and you let your guard down, they will kill you.
The upsurge in violence in the capital occurred as fighting broke out Sunday around the Taji air base on the northern edge of the city. An American soldier was killed and two others were wounded during an ambush north of Taji, the command said. One assailant also was killed.
A U.S. Army OH-58 helicopter crashed near Taji later Sunday, but the two-member crew survived "in good condition," the U.S. command said. The cause of the crash and whether it was related to the fighting was unclear, but the U.S. command said there was no indication the aircraft was shot down.
After sundown, U.S. troops attacked insurgents trying to plant a roadside bomb near the same location as the morning ambush, killing one person, wounding two others and destroying four vehicles, U.S. authorities said.
Also in Baghdad, at least six people, including three Shiite militiaman, died in overnight clashes with U.S. troops in the capital's Sadr City neighborhood, Sheik Hassan al-Edhari, an aide to radical cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, said Sunday.
The suicide attack near the U.S. Army's Camp Cuervo in eastern Baghdad was the 15th car-bombing in Iraq since the start of the month, U.S. officials said. The 12 dead included four policemen, officials said, but there were no American casualties.
Thirteen Iraqis were injured in the blast, which occurred about 9:15 a.m. after police flagged down a vehicle traveling on the wrong side of the road. The driver detonated the explosives as police approached.
Kamal al-Jarah, 63, the Education Ministry official in charge of contacts with foreign governments and the United Nations, was fatally shot early Sunday outside his home in the city's Ghazaliya district, a predominantly Sunni Muslim neighborhood where support for Saddam Hussein had been strong.
Al-Jarah's death occurred one day after Iraq's deputy foreign minister, Bassam Salih Kubba, was mortally wounded in another Sunni neighborhood while driving to work. The Foreign Ministry blamed Saddam loyalists for the killing.
The violence in the capital, nearly two weeks before the formal end of the U.S.-led occupation, stunned the interim government, which had hoped to gain public support as the legitimate representatives of the Iraqi nation.
"These assassinations are an attempt to stop the march of Iraq toward complete sovereignty," Industry Minister Hakim al-Hasni told Al-Arabiya television. "They are not a resistance because they are resisting their own people. They are killing the highly qualified people. What kind of a resistance is this?"
During a visit Sunday to a new crossing point along the Iranian border, interim Prime Minister Iyad Allawi said his Cabinet was "discussing serious and drastic measures once sovereignty is transferred to take against terrorists and those trying to undermine the progress of Iraq." He did not elaborate.
Rather than going after top government figures who are well protected, the insurgents appear to be targeting middle and upper level officials who lack adequate security.
In Washington, Secretary of State Colin Powell said U.S. forces would do "everything we can to "try to defeat these murderers." However, Powell said in a broadcast interview that "it's hard to protect an entire government."
Underscoring those difficulties, a rocket exploded Sunday in the Green Zone, causing minor damage to the Republican Palace where U.S. administrator L. Paul Bremer maintains his offices. No casualties were reported, but U.S. Apache attack helicopters roamed the skies overhead looking for the assailants.
In addition to the assassinations — the first against top government officials since the new leadership was appointed June 1 - two other senior figures escaped death in separate attacks over the weekend.
The chief of Iraq's border police, Maj. Gen. Hussein Mustafa Abdul-Kareem, was slightly wounded Saturday in a shooting in Baghdad.
Police Maj. Gen. Majeed Almani Mahal was hospitalized with wounds received Saturday in an ambush in Baqouba, 40 miles northeast of Baghdad, officials said.
In Kirkuk, an ethically mixed northern oil center, gunmen killed a locally prominent Kurdish cleric, Iyad Khorshid, late Saturday, police said. The preacher had spoken out recently against attacks on Iraqi infrastructure, police and civilians.
A former Baath party official, Rajaa Mohammed Ali, was gunned down Sunday near her home in Baqouba, police reported. Also, two employees of the U.S.-funded Iraqi television network were found dead near the Syrian border. The cause of death was not known.
Also Sunday, a car bomb exploded near a civilian convoy escorted by U.S. troops near Iskandariyah, 25 miles south of Baghdad. No American casualties were reported, but one Iraqi civilian was hurt, U.S. officials said.
In Kirkuk, overnight clashes between police and gunmen left two people dead and 11 people injured, six of them police, officials said.
American authorities had feared an escalation of violence in the run-up to the June 30 handover of sovereignty as insurgents seek to derail the process or discredit the new government.
The Americans hope that establishment of a sovereign Iraqi government will drain support for the insurgency, allowing security to improve so that balloting for an elected administration can be held by the end of January.
But militants — both Saddam loyalists and those with radical Islamic motivation — have long considered Iraqis who cooperate with the American-run occupation to be collaborators.
Although the new government is supposed to become sovereign, its top figures were all appointed in a process in which the American occupation authorities played a major role in the selections. Iraqis will not have an elected government until a national ballot planned by the end of January.
About 150,000 U.S. and other coalition troops will remain in the country to help improve security after June 30 under a U.N. resolution approved unanimously by the U.N. Security Council on Tuesday.
As of Thursday, June 10, 825 U.S. service members have died since the beginning of military operations in Iraq last year, according to the Defense Department. Of those, 607 died as a result of hostile action and 218 died of non-hostile causes. The department did not provide an update from Friday through Sunday.
The British military has reported 58 deaths; Italy, 18; Spain, eight; Bulgaria and Poland, six each; Ukraine, four; Slovakia three; Thailand, two; Denmark, El Salvador, Estonia, Latvia and the Netherlands have reported one each.