Janet Napolitano is proposing that illegal immigrants awaiting deportation be confined according to the risk they may pose and will detail her plan on Tuesday. The reforms were previewed by the agency in August without as much detail.
The alternative sites are intended to cut the costs of detaining immigrants, which reached nearly $2 billion in 2008.
The plan is based on a review of immigration detention by Dora Schriro, Napolitano's former detention adviser. She resigned last month to become commissioner of New York City's jails.
Under the plan, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, part of the Homeland Security Department, will develop a way to classify immigrant detainees that will determine the facility where they are detained.
John Morton, head of ICE, will research the hotels and other venues where nonviolent, noncriminal immigrants could be held. The agency expects to save money by not putting everyone in local, state and government jails and prisons as they do now.
ICE also will to submit to Congress in coming weeks a plan for using alternatives to detention. The agency says possible alternatives will cost only about $14 a day compared to about $100 a day for detention.
The agency has completed one of the reforms announced in August, removing families from T. Don Hutto detention center, a former prison in central Texas. The agency plans to detain women there who are now held at three facilities in Texas, saving about $900,000 through the end of the year, the documents state.
The agency said it paid $2.8 million a month at Hutto even when it was not full.
ICE plans to put 50 federal employees in detention centers where more than 80 percent of immigrants are held, more than double the 23 employees announced in August, in an effort to improve conditions. Hiring notices for the jobs were posted Sept. 18.
ICE says it has paid $200,000 per facility at more than 30 facilities for contractors to monitor conditions. But the agency says a federal employee, training and equipment would cost about $160,000.
On the Net: Department of Homeland Security: http://www.dhs.gov
Immigration and Customs Enforcement: http://www.ice.gov