"People in Basra now describe you know, a better sense of a wellbeing and security. The markets are open. But how fragile is this peace?" Logan asked Mansoor.
"Well, I think, throughout Iraq, the peace is fragile," he replied.
"Are you concerned about the fact that the militias haven't really gone anywhere? They still have access to their backers, their training and weapons support, and financial support across the border inside Iran," Logan said.
"The ability of the Iraqi government to combat the militias, and keep them from operating, keep them from dominating urban areas, these are the great issues facing Iraq, going forward," Mansoor explained.
Asked if Basra is a kind of blueprint for the rest of the country, Mansoor told Logan, "Well, I think in one crucial sense it is. And that is that it shows that Iraqi forces from all over Iraq can come together, can fight a successful battle against a fairly capable enemy and prevail."
Since the Basra assault in the spring, Iraqi troops have recently taken over other hotspots throughout the country, where like in Basra, a significant Iraqi troop presence is supported by U.S. advisors.
"Historians will look back and see Basra as a turning point in this war. One in which the war goes from being more of a coalition effort to one of being more of an Iraqi effort," Mansoor said.
"What does that mean, in terms of withdrawing troops, when, how, how fast, how many?" Logan asked.
"What it means is that we slowly withdraw our combat forces as Iraqi forces are able to take over the situation in various areas but you allow the Iraqis to fight their war, and I think that is the way ahead," Mansoor replied.
Produced By Peter Klein