Country Fast Facts:Papua New Guinea



Papua New Guinea

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(CBS)

The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885.

The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975.

A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.

Source: CIA World Fact Book