Country Fast Facts: Kuwait


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Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense for the ruling Kuwaiti Al-Sabah dynasty from 1899 until independence in 1961.

Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on Aug. 2, 1990.

Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a U.S.-led, UN coalition began a ground assault on Feb. 23, 1991, that liberated Kuwait in four days.

Kuwait spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.

The Al-Sabah family has ruled since returning to power in 1991, and reestablished an elected legislature that in recent years has become increasingly assertive.

Source: CIA World Fact Book