In all, Mr. Bush and first lady Laura Bush have invited at least 270 people to stay at the White House and at least the same number to overnight at the Camp David retreat since moving to Washington in January 2001, according to lists the White House provided The Associated Press.
Some guests spent a night in the Lincoln Bedroom, historic quarters that gained new fame in the Clinton administration amid allegations that Democrats rewarded major donors like Hollywood heavyweights Steven Spielberg and Barbra Streisand with accommodations there.
That scandal and Mr. Bush's criticism of it is one of the reasons the White House identifies guests. In a debate with Vice President Al Gore in October 2000, Mr. Bush said: "I believe they've moved that sign, 'The buck stops here,' from the Oval Office desk to 'The buck stops here' on the Lincoln Bedroom. And that's not good for the country."
Los Angeles attorney Donald Etra stayed at the Bush White House several times and at Camp David once. Etra, a Yale classmate of the president, said he and his wife were invited as friends, not because they each gave Mr. Bush $1,000 in 2000.
"Friendship comes first, donations come second," Etra said.
Describing a stay in the Lincoln Bedroom, he said it was almost impossible to sleep.
"It is so unbelievably exciting and unbelievable that you are staying in the White House," he said. "One hesitates to put a coffee cup down on the coffee table because there's an original copy of the Emancipation Proclamation under glass."
Mr. Bush's overnight guest roster is virtually free of celebrities — pro golfer Ben Crenshaw is the biggest name — but not of campaign supporters.
At least nine of Mr. Bush's biggest fund-raisers appear on the latest list of White House overnight guests, covering June 2002 through December 2003, and-or on the Camp David list, which covers last year. They include:
"Some of these guests are old classmates, some of them have been friends of theirs for many, many years," White House spokeswoman Erin Healy said. "They enjoy the opportunity to spend time with them."
Langdon, who stayed at Camp David a few weeks before Russian President Vladimir Putin did last September, said Mr. Bush's invitations to him and the other fund-raisers differ from the allegations of the Clinton years.
"Of course I'm a fund-raiser — I support him in every way I can. But my relationship with him and his wife and his family spans more than three decades," said Langdon, who grew up in Texas and was a Bush friend since Mr. Bush's early years there. "I certainly don't need to be rewarded with a trip to Camp David for doing what I'm doing."
According to the Senate's federal lobbyist database, Langdon was a registered lobbyist in 2002 for the Mortgage Companies of America and for ChoicePoint.
ChoicePoint in 2002 settled a lawsuit brought by the NAACP over the actions of a subsidiary, Database Technologies, which was accused of wrongly purging thousands of voters from the rolls in Florida ahead of the tight 2000 presidential election. ChoicePoint acquired Database Technologies after the initial list of purged voters was prepared.
Several Bush relatives visited the White House and Camp David, including former President Bush and former first lady Barbara Bush. Visiting world leaders stayed at Camp David, including British Prime Minister Tony Blair and King Abdullah II of Jordan.
Guests do not have to reimburse the government for their stays.