U.S. Magistrate Judge J. Bradford Stillman ordered the nine held until their trials, tentatively scheduled for July. Of on U.S. charges, one entered a not guilty plea Wednesday and another is scheduled to be arraigned next week.
The nine men arraigned Friday were scheduled to enter pleas on Wednesday but attorneys representing them said they needed more time to explain the government's accusations with an interpreter present. Some said they had spent only 30 minutes with their client and were not confident they understood U.S. court procedures.
None of the defendants speak English. All face mandatory life terms, if convicted.
Attorneys said they not only dealt with a language barrier, but also the cultural shock the men faced after they were detained by the Navy and taken to the U.S.
"My client doesn't read or speak any language, much less English," William J. Holmes, who represents Gabul Abdullahi Ali. "It's like being picked up and being taken to another planet."
Questioned by Stillman, the defendents listed their ages as 18 to 32 and all but one said they had no education at all.
"I have never even seen a school," Abdi Wali Dire told Stillman through an interpreter, when he asked how he would plead.
Each man is charged with piracy, attacks to plunder a vessel, assault with a dangerous weapon, and other weapons counts. Piracy carries a mandatory life sentence, while the other charges carry penalties of 10 to 35 years.
Five of the men were captured March 31, after the frigate USS Nicholas exchanged fire with a suspected pirate vessel west of the Seychelles.
The other six were captured after they allegedly began shooting at the amphibious dock landing ship USS Ashland on April 10 about 380 miles (612 kilometers) off Djibouti, a small nation facing Yemen across the mouth of the Red Sea. Two of the accused have visible physical injuries, the result of the exchange with the Navy, according to the government.
The government has said the defendants mistakenly went after the Nicholas believing it was a merchant ship. A prosecutor said the government had eyewitnesses sailors and forensic evidence linking the suspects to the crime.
The Ashland and Nicholas, both based in Virginia within 20 miles (32 kilometers) of the courthouse, were part of an international flotilla protecting shipping in the region.
The 11 had been held on U.S. ships for weeks off Somalia's pirate-infested coast as officials decided whether and where they could be prosecuted.
The Somali mission to the United Nations said the suspects should be tried by a regional or international tribunal, not in a U.S. courtroom.