As the days after the swift fall of Baghdad turned into months, Saddam Hussein's condition and whereabouts remained a critical question in Iraq. Video and audio footage of the Iraqi dictator appeared on Iraqi television and on other outlets with some regularity, seemingly as proof of his survival. But were these authentic images of Saddam, pre-taped propaganda, or performances by one of his body doubles? We now know that he was, in fact, alive all along. But the authenticity of these messages may forever remain a mystery.

November 16, 2003

An audiotape purportedly made by Saddam Hussein urges Iraqi rebels to escalate attacks against the occupation and "agents brought by foreign armies." The speaker on the tape, aired on Al-Arabiya television, says the only way to end the chaos in Iraq is for Saddam and his now-outlawed Baath Party to return to power. The CIA plans to review the tape for its authenticity.

September 17, 2003

An audiotape purporting to carry Saddam's voice is broadcast on Arab television. The voice, which resembles the former Iraqi dictator's, calls for increased attacks on Americans in Iraq and for the immediate withdrawal of U.S. forces. The CIA says it cannot authenticate the tape due to its poor quality.

September 1, 2003

On the same day thousands mourned the death of revered Shiite cleric Ayatollah Mohammad Baqir al-Hakim, killed in the Najaf bombing, another alleged "Saddam" tape was released to deny responsibility. The voice on the tape said Saddam was the leader of all Iraqi people, suggesting he would not launch an attack on any particular ethnic or religious group - Shiites included.

August 1, 2003

A voice purported to be Saddam's issues a new call to arms on an audiotape broadcast by the Al-Jazeera Arab satellite channel. The speaker says looters should not fear retribution and should instead join the guerrilla war. He says that "at any moment" he will defeat the American occupation forces and return to power.

July 29, 2003

Arab satellite station Al-Arabiya broadcasts a new audiotape attributed to Saddam Hussein. On the tape, the voice identified as Saddam acknowledges the death of his two sons in a U.S. raid, saying, "Even if Saddam Hussein has 100 children other than Odai and Qusai, Saddam Hussein would offer them the same way."

July 23, 2003

A new audiotape purported to be from Saddam is broadcast by an Arab satellite station. The speaker says the tape was made on July 20, two days before his sons Odai and Qusai were killed by U.S. forces. The voice on the tape urges all former Iraqi soldiers to take up arms against the Americans.

July 17, 2003

On a key anniversary for Saddam's Baathist party, Al-Arabiya satellite television airs about 5 minutes of audio allegedly recorded by the ousted Iraqi leader. The speaker denounces Iraq's newly formed Governing Council, a reference that indicates the message is new. The speaker also calls for a jihad, or holy war, against the American-led administration. A U.S. intelligence official says the recording is probably authentic.

July 8, 2003

Two Middle Eastern television channels air a Saddam recording they claim is new, but it is apparently identical to a tape received by the Sydney Morning Herald in May. The voice on the tapes gives instructions to resist U.S. and British forces. CBS News' David Hawkins reports that if these latest broadcasts mean Saddam is still around, former elements of his guard are more likely to keep up attacks on coalition forces, in hopes of driving them out of Iraq.

July 4, 2003

Al-Jazeera airs an audio message that was purportedly recorded by Saddam Hussein on June 14, 2003. The speaker says he is still in Iraq and directing attacks on American forces there, and calls on Iraqis to resist the U.S.-led occupation. The CIA says the tape is probably authentic, but its poor quality prevents absolute certainty.

May 7, 2003

A 14-minute audio tape that was allegedly recently recorded by Saddam Hussein is released by the Sydney Morning Herald. The newspaper received the tape from two men in Baghdad. On the tape, a tired-sounding voice calls on Iraqis to fight against foreign occupation and "kick the enemy out of our country." It includes references to events that took place after the Iraqi leader was removed from power. U.S. officials were reviewing the tape.

April 18, 2003

Abu Dhabi TV broadcasts video reportedly showing Saddam Hussein walking in a Baghdad suburb on April 9. The same day the network airs an audiotape, also said to have been made on April 9, purported to be Saddam's last known wartime speech. A videotape of this speech is later obtained by Associated Press Television News and shows the Iraqi dictator in a confused, exhausted state.

April 4, 2003

A man who resembles the Iraqi dictator holds a baby amid a crowd of cheering Iraqis on the streets of Baghdad.

Lara Logan reports on the crowd scene footage, and says a speech broadcast earlier in the day gives the best clues yet that Saddam is still alive.

March 26, 2003

A former Hussein family body double recalls the years he spent impersonating Saddam's son, and offers his insight on tracking the real Saddam.

March 24, 2003

In an address aired on Iraqi television, a man who appears to be Saddam encourages the Iraqi people to take a strong stand against the United States. Mark Phillips reports that compared to the Saddam that appeared just after the bombing started, this one is less bloated, less fatigued and more confident.

March 20, 2003

Saddam appears on Iraqi television a short time after the bombing begins, though it is not clear if it is really him or whether it was pre-taped.

Jim Stewart talks to a CIA expert about Saddam's uncharacteristic appearance and questions whether a double was used.

Dan Rather compares verified photos of Saddam Hussein to the Iraqi TV footage.