Is now the time for immigration reform?
After years of partisan divisiveness over the issue of immigration reform, Washington appears ready to move -- and move swiftly. President Obama tomorrow will travel to Nevada to mobilize public support for a comprehensive set of reforms while a bipartisan group of senators has already outlined their framework for reform.
White House spokesman Jay Carney said today that "a consensus is developing in the country" around immigration reform, and he added, "It's happening because the president has demonstrated significant leadership on this issue."
Mr. Obama did indeed call for immigration reform during his re-election campaign, and some Republicans are interested in the issue at least in part because of their huge losses with Latino voters in the 2012 election. The Republicans involved in fashioning the bipartisan Senate plan are even on board with creating a pathway to citizenship for undocumented workers, a key issue for the president and several immigration reform advocates. Still, a number of Republicans in Congress remain opposed to the idea of "amnesty," and it's unclear just how much this issue matters to voters.
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Immigration reform advocates say they're happy to see movement in Congress and are prepared to follow up those efforts with grassroots mobilization -- including a rally on Capitol Hill on April 10. "The goal of that event will be to put a face to the millions of invisible workers... who toil in this country and want to be a part of the fabric of America without fear of being deported," Hector Figueroa, president of 32BJ Service Employees International Union, told reporters at a press conference today.
The SEIU and other pro-immigration reform groups recently commissioned a poll, conducted by Democratic and Republican pollsters, showing that 77 percent of voters favor a comprehensive plan for immigration reform, including a path to citizenship. Additionally, polls commissioned by the NAACP show strong support among black voters for comprehensive reform, as well as specific proposals like the "Dream Act," NAACP president Ben Jealous said today.
"This is the year to pass comprehensive reform," Jealous said. "This country has the greatest level of consensus on this issue we have ever seen."
At the same time, when considered against other issues, voters seem to make immigration reform a low priority: In a recent Pew Research Poll, 39 percent said immigration should be a top priority in Washington this year. There were 17 other topics that voters considered more important, including the economy, reducing health costs, reducing crime, protecting the environment and reducing the influence of lobbyists.
Given the current state of border security and illegal immigration, it may not be that surprising immigration is not seen as a major priority among voters. The U.S. government spends more on immigration enforcement than all other principal federal criminal law enforcement agencies combined, according to the Migration Policy Institute, while the number of undocumented immigrants has declined from its peak of 12 million in 2007.
Nevertheless, with both Democrats and Republicans expressing interest in creating a pathway to citizenship for those 11 million remaining illegal immigrants, both parties want to seize the moment. "This is a big deal, this is an important development," Carney said today with respect to the fact that the Senate framework includes that path to citizenship.
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