Some 274 journalists have been killed in war zones around the globe since 1990, according to the International Federation of Journalists.
The deaths of foreign journalists often gain a higher profile, as in the case of the Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl, who was murdered in Pakistan in 2002.
According to The Freedom Forum, 149 journalists have been killed covering war between 1939 and 1991:
- Desert Storm: (1990-91) No journalists were killed.
- Vietnam: (1955-75) 63
- Korean War: (1950-53) 17
- World War II: (1939-45) 69
It is less common for foreign journalists to be killed in war zones. Most media casualties over the past 13 years were working in their country of origin.
- Bosnia: Many of the 62 journalists killed during the Bosnian conflict came from the former Yugoslav republic.
- Rwanda: All of the 49 journalists killed in the war in Rwanda were Rwandan.
- Kosovo Of 23 journalists killed in the conflict in 1999, 16 were Serbian, three Chinese, two German and two others were of unidentified nationality.
- Gulf War: Four journalists lost their lives in 1991, including three members of a British agency team working for the BBC and one German photographer.
- Afghan War: Nine media workers were killed during the war in 2001-02.
- Chechnya: Freelance British cameraman Roddy Scott was killed in 2002 while covering the Chechen conflict, which claimed the lives of 27 journalists.