Joe Arpaio: Self-proclaimed "Toughest sheriff in America"
Arpaio will have to convince a federal judge who is presiding over his civil trial that he does not racially profile Latinos. The lawsuit heads to trial on July 19, 2012 and is expected to last until early August. The plaintiffs say Arpaio's officers based some traffic stops on the race of Hispanics who were in vehicles, had no probable cause to pull them over and made the stops so they could inquire about their immigration status. The plaintiffs aren't seeking money damages and instead are seeking a declaration that Arpaio's office racially profiles and an order that requires it to make changes to prevent what they said is discriminatory policing. If Arpaio loses the civil case, he won't face jail time or fines. In this photo, Arpaio's name plate and business cards sit on his desk at his office, April 17, 2009, in Phoenix.